“Building Awareness and Combating the Crisis of Severe Acute Malnutrition among Children in India.”
SAM: Severe Acute Malnutrition
Definition: Severe acute malnutrition (SAM) is defined as a weight-for-height measurement of 70% or less below the median, or three SD (standard deviations) or more below the mean National Centre for Health Statistics reference values, by visible severe wasting, or by the presence of nutritional oedema. In children aged 6–59 months, an arm circumference less than 115 mm is also indicative of severe acute malnutrition.
India's Burden of Acute Malnutrition in Children
Malnutrition is India’s silent crisis. It has some of the highest rates of child malnutrition and mortality in under-fives in the world (twice that of sub-Saharan Africa). India has 132 million “under five children”. Of these 132 million children, it is expected that 9 million children, are suffering from severe acute malnutrition. This is almost 50 percent of children with severe acute malnutrition (SAM) worldwide. Also, India has 57 million - or more than a third - of the world's 146 million undernourished children. (Source: National Family Health Survey-III, conducted during 2005-2006 in India). In India more than 5 million children die every year as a direct or indirect result of malnutrition. That translates into one child death every 10 seconds. (Source: 2008 Global Hunger Index Key Findings and Facts)
As a non-profit initiative, SAM India Project is proud to be doing its part to end the silent hunger crisis. We will be applying tested and proven Global solutions including Life Saving Foods (Ready-to-Use-Therapeutic-Foods/ RUTFs). Our approach will be based on seeking solutions that are indigenous, culturally acceptable, sustainable, cost-effective and community based.
To create real and sustainable impact, Sam India Project will collaborate with Universities, Hospitals, Institutes, NGOs, Indian Government and other Stake-holders in India and abroad. We are currently working with Compatible Technology International (CTI), a non-profit organization based in St. Paul, MN.